The Role of the Judicial Branch in the New Government

The Supreme Court made several distinctly important rulings in the early era of the new government.  Four of those cases were: Marbury v. Madison; Fletcher v Peck; Gibbons v. Ogden; McCullough v Maryland.  Each case must be examined in light of the relative infancy of the Supreme Court in national affairs.
•What was the result in the Marbury case?  Why would a Federalist be unhappy with the ruling? 
•Why was it important for the Founding Fathers to shield the public from strong passions of volatile legislatures? How did they accomplish it?
•Thinking about the importance of transportation, what was the main issue in the Gibbons case?
•Why do we remember the McCullough case?  What implications did the ruling have on the Supremacy Clause and the Elastic Clause? 


Federalism Versus Anti-Federalism

  • What are the major differences between Federalists and Anti-Federalists?  
  • How did the Supreme Court elevate the importance of the Judicial Branch?
  • What unusual circumstances took place in the early days of the Marshall Court?
  • How would you characterize the relationship between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson?